LA DIVERSIDAD ESCONDIDA: INVERTEBRADOS DE CHARCOS TEMPORALES EN BARRA GRANDE URUGUAY

Autores/as

  • Mariana Illarze Centro Universitario Regional Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Esteban Ortiz Grandal Centro Universitario Regional Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Lucía Rodriguez-Tricot Centro Universitario Regional Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Verónica Pinelli Centro Universitario Regional Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Juan Manuel Piñeiro-Guerra Departamento de Sistemas Ambientales, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. 3 Polo Educativo Tecnológico Arrayanes, CETP/UTU, Uruguay
  • Lucía Sosa-Panzera Centro Universitario Regional Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Matías Zarucki Polo Educativo Tecnológico Arrayanes, CETP/UTU, Uruguay
  • Daniel Hernández Polo Educativo Tecnológico Arrayanes, CETP/UTU, Uruguay
  • Lucía Ziegler Centro Universitario Regional Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Mauro Berazategui Centro Universitario Regional del Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay. 2 Departamento de Sistemas Ambientales, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Ana Inés Borthagaray Centro Universitario Regional del Este (CURE), Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Marcelo Loureiro Departamento de Ecología y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Gabriel Laufer Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, MEC; Vida Silvestre Uruguay, Uruguay
  • Matías Arim Centro Universitario Regional del Este, CURE. Universidad de la República

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26462/30.2.5

Palabras clave:

Bañados de Rocha , metacomunidades , dominancia , servicios ecosistémicos

Resumen

Los charcos temporales de Uruguay y los invertebrados que en estos habitan representan ecosistemas relativamente poco explorados, sin referencias claras en relación a los niveles de diversidad que presentan. En el presente trabajo reportamos la presencia de 216 especies y morfoespecies de invertebrados y una estimación total de riqueza entre 263 y 373 morfoespecies, para 18 charcos temporales de la cuenca de la Laguna Castillos, en el departamento de Rocha, Uruguay. Esta diversidad permitiría mantener la estabilidad del funcionamiento del ecosistema y los servicios que este brinda como ser agua potable, forraje para el ganado, limitación en la abundancia de patógenos y brotes de enfermedades o resistencia del sistema frente a contaminantes. Los estudios ecológicos en charcos temporales constituyen excelentes modelos para estudios de biodiversidad ya que proveen resultados generalizables a otros ecosistemas. Sin embargo, una de las limitaciones que encontramos en este trabajo fue la dificultad para la identificación taxonómica de los invertebrados. La gestión y manejo de la diversidad necesita una base taxonómica sólida que permita conocer la composición y estructura de dicha diversidad. Por lo tanto, resaltamos la importancia de realizar estudios en sistemática de invertebrados de agua dulce en Uruguay.

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2021-12-28

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ILLARZE, M.; ORTIZ GRANDAL, E.; RODRIGUEZ-TRICOT, L.; PINELLI, V.; PIÑEIRO-GUERRA, J. M. .; SOSA-PANZERA, L.; ZARUCKI, M.; HERNÁNDEZ, D.; ZIEGLER, L.; BERAZATEGUI, M. .; BORTHAGARAY, A. I. .; LOUREIRO, M. .; LAUFER, G. .; ARIM , M. LA DIVERSIDAD ESCONDIDA: INVERTEBRADOS DE CHARCOS TEMPORALES EN BARRA GRANDE URUGUAY. Boletín de la Sociedad Zoológica del Uruguay, [S. l.], v. 30, n. 2, p. e30.2.5, 2021. DOI: 10.26462/30.2.5. Disponível em: http://szu.org.uy/journal/index.php/Bol_SZU/article/view/196. Acesso em: 8 dic. 2022.

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